Question 1:Nowadays TV has become an essential part of life. Some view it as a medium to spread news & awareness while for others it acts like a companion. What is your opinion about this?
Television, role, everyday life, information, news, companion
Television is a mass communication media and plays a significant role in our society. Some people think that it has strong effect in influencing people’s thinking by providing them news and information, while others argue that it is merely a source of entertainment. I believe Television has a role to play in both areas. The following paragraphs will elaborate this point of view further.
First of all, people can receive any news and information on science, economy, environment and politics through TV from any corner of the world immediately. For example, the investors and shareholders in share market rely on suggestions given by international trade analysts on TV to decide about their investment. By bringing us the news from all over the world, Television helps people in country develop empathy and understanding for people far away. This brings the world closer and makes it a better place.
Second of all, it is undeniable that the programs on TV provide good company and entertainment to people. For example, a lot of people watch shows such as Friends almost on a daily basis. They start to identify with the characters and the TV shows and develop attachment towards the show. TV has effectively become a companion for millions around the world.
In conclusion, I would like to reiterate the fact that our lives today are tremendously and positively affected by TV. As long as we don’t overdo our Television consumption, we only stand to benefit from this marvellous invention.
Question – 2: Tobacco, mainly in form of cigarettes, is one of the most-widely used drugs in the world. Over a billion adults legally smoke tobacco every day. The long term health costs are high – for smokers themselves, and for the wider community in terms of health care costs and lost productivity.
Do governments have a legitimate role to legislate, to protect citizens from the harmful effects of their own decisions to smoke, or are such decisions up to the individual?
tobacco, smokers, role of governments, protect citizens, individual responsibility
Despite of all the harmful effects of tobacco, it is legal in nearly all the countries. Over a billion people across the world of different age groups smoke cigarettes. Both the active and passive smokers have serious impacts on health, many suffer from cancer, asthma and other lung and heart related problems – but still it is not banned.
Often, people start smoking during their college due to peer pressure. However, soon they are addicted to it. Many smokers have erratic responses about the harmful effects – some say, that they live only once and thus should enjoy life to the fullest; and others it is all written in destiny. Such behaviour force to think that governments must intervene and ban tobacco. On the other hand, it was found that many people in developing and under developed countries were not aware of the adverse effects of smoking – when realised they gave up smoking.
Governments over years have legislated and reduced the consumption of cigarette over the past years by levying more tax on cigarettes and some countries increased the age for smoking to 21 years. All adults are sensible and thus are responsible for the decisions they make. Instead of a forced ban, individuals must act responsibly and understand that being healthy and living long will let them and their families lead a happy life.
Question – 3: With growing internationalization, will English lose its dominance? Support your argument with relevant statements.
English, internationalization, globalization, lose dominance, prominence
One of the most conspicuous trends of today’s world is a colossal upsurge in the usage of English language in almost every part of the world, thanks to globalization. There is a widespread worry that increased exposure of other languages and cultures will threaten the dominance of English language. In my opinion, this apprehension is unwarranted and so should be rejected.
There is a myriad of arguments in favor of my stance. The most preponderant one is that thanks to globalization, the interaction between people from different languages and diverse cultural backgrounds will inevitably increase. As English is already the most widely used language throughout the world, not only will it help people to communicate effectively with each other, but it will also be embraced by more and more people. Needless to say, this universal appeal of English will keep it in a predominant position, as far as gaining more popularity is concerned.
Another pivotal aspect of this argument is that now English is the language of Science, Commerce, trade, arts, history, literature, media, entertainment and what not. Unlike in the past, when the world was not much connected without a common language and so it was next to impossible to keep abreast with the latest happenings, nowadays English has helped mankind overcome all communication barriers. Hence, the likelihood that English will thrive, flourish and spread rapidly is very high.
In view of the arguments outlined above, one can conclude that the apprehension that English language will lose its value because of globalization is un-grounded indeed.
Question – 4: Different people get success in different fields. Some people work long hours to get success, but others feel that spend free time for joy than Wealth. Which style closely relates you and explain your views?
work, life, balance, too much time at work, good or bad, opinion
“There is a price to pay for everything” is an old adage. Globalization, increasing competition and advances in technology has lured people to materialistic luxuries. Everyone wants big homes to live in, branded clothes and shoes to wear; and high end luxury cars to drive. For which the price to pay is work harder and longer hours.
To achieve aforementioned luxuries, people have started working very hard. At work, employees are given very difficult targets with tight deadlines which tie them to their workplace. Such models are often incentive based. Many companies are now paying employees on performance based only. Such people are always worried about work and often go home very late or take their office work to their homes. On the other hand, businessmen lead a stressful life too – increasing inflation and competition makes it difficult for them to attract consumers.
This behavior not only affects their personal lives drastically but is detrimental to their health. They do not spend time with their families and often the children do not get to spend time with their fathers except Sunday. On Sunday too, they want to rest and charge themselves for the busy and stressful week ahead. Such stories are very common in India where there is cut-throat competition in every field. Such working hours make them unhappy and insecure in life.
To conclude, anything done too much is not good. Thus, both employees and employers should have a work life balance to increase efficiency in work and happiness in life.
Question – 5: What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in an era in which new things are constantly being invented?
Daily inventions, new things, everyday, good or bad
Our ancestors are believed to have lived their lives under the control of nature. Now technology is driving our life. It is playing pivotal role in shaping our life. Some people think that life updated with inventions is more comfortable, while others argue that pitfalls of these inventions will bring misery. I am inclined to believe that our sophisticated life by daily inventions will become miserable. The following paragraphs will analyze the pros and cons of new inventions and suggest that our life should have more control in our hand than fully depending on technologies.
First of all, people’s life today has been tremendously affected by computer. Computer is used in every aspect of human life from reading newspapers, booking tickets, purchasing favorite products to automation in industries. Nevertheless, looking at other side, there has been rise in cyber crimes such as hacking, copyright infringement and financial fraud. For instance, companies such as eBay, Target, and Sony had faced huge drop in sales due to cyber-attacks in their business.
Second of all, the introduction of new cost-efficient farming methods in agriculture have replaced dozens of human workers and yielded high production. Nonetheless, the negative side effects of adapting these techniques have resulted in environmental pollution and extinction of ecosystems. For example, due to usage of highly contaminated chemical fertilizers in soil the underground water is heavily polluted.
In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that though new inventions are essential for certain activities, depending on them for everyday life will put us at a considerable risk. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use them eminently for their betterment’s in life.